Open government is used as a collective term for different concepts and visions, which deal with certain facets of an opening of state and administration.
Open government data (OGD) are those non-personal and non-infrastructure-critical databases that are freely accessible for public use without any restriction for free use, distribution and re-use.
Open Government Data is credited with the potential to sustainably promote social, cultural, scientific and economic progress in many sectors. The utilisation of non-personal information in the public sector promotes the development of new products and services and supports economic growth in Austria. Moreover, Open Government Data is seen as an adequate tool to increase the transparency of administrative dealings, to facilitate better cooperation between politics, administration, business, research, citizens and to strengthen democracy.
When selecting the data to be published, it should be noted that those data are selected, which are really interesting and usable for the users.
The launch of the Austrian one-stop open government data-meta-portal on 18th April 2012 was another important step on the path to the successful implementation of Open Government Data in Austria. With data.gv.at a central catalogue for open data in Austria was created, which enables users to quickly and easily find the desired data via a single electronic point of contact.
In its current version, data.gv.at offers filter options for data records and resulting applications as well as visible links between data records and the applications. Both the catalogue and the application list can be searched. The participating agencies are able to enter data themselves and to store administrative data on the federal platform.
By April 2018, more than 19,000 datasets had been published by 44 contributors and 400 applications were created based on them.
Cooperation agreement for the operation data.gv.at
The federal states and the federal government agree in a cooperation agreement on the joint design of data.gv.at. The Federal Chancellery has signed a contract with the Federal Computing Center for the operation and use of the Central Federal Portal (data.gv.at).
Thus, not only can public agencies contribute metadata records to data.gv.at, but, for a fee, they can also save their records. The city of Vienna, for example, uses the CKAN entity (Comprehensive Kerbal Archive Network) directly from data.gv.at and links it directly to the Vienna catalogue in data.gv.at.
Thus, the costs of operating a separate portal can be massively reduced by sharing.
The cooperation can join other public bodies and participate in the joint development of data.gv.at. The introduction of metadata is still possible and desirable for all public agencies without any additional agreement or cost.